The Immigration Crisis of Southeast Asia

map_660_032313121011It is estimated that last year around 53 000 persons belonging to the Muslim minority rohingya fled by sea from Burma and Bangladesh to escape persecution suffered by.

According to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) the crisis of the rohingya people is one of the longest in the world and also one of the most overlooked. This minority situated in Burma with the border in Bangladesh, is not among the 153 recognized ethnic groups in the country, is not considered citizens and they are prohibited from access to education, to freedom of movement as well as own land, travel and marriage. It recognizes that they have been persecuted, humiliated and discriminated against. Thousands of them each year decide to flee the country, becoming in victims of trafficking mafias.

One of the consequences has led to this situation are constant political and social changes in Burma and, on the other hand, the campaign carried out Thailand against gangs engaged in trafficking in human beings.

Thailand, Malaysia and Indonesia are still returning the ships that reach their shores. Specifically the authorities of Thailand applied the policy to repel vessels and in return offer food, water, fuel and medical care to the boats but all this avoiding to touch land.

As a result, has increased the number of immigrants from Burma and Bangladesh are now directed toward Malaysia and Indonesia. Thailand asks that justifiably not the responsibility over it and that is pressure on Burma.

The reactions of the various global organizations have not been made wait. UNICEF has denounced the situation of migrant children stranded on boats. "These are the ones who are exposed to a greater risk of abuse, exploitation and health problems, so they need urgent health care and support in the long term to determine your status and promote their development in a safe environment."

The Convention on them rights of the child ratified by all them countries of the Southeast Asian forces to them Governments to ensure that all them children are served in a place safe, with access to the education, health, services social, legal and all with this with independence of his status of refugee or migrant.

The question about the new tide of immigrants will be discussed at a Convention of fifteen countries that will take place in Bangkok on May 29.