On 10 April, UNICEF Mexico, presented its annual report 2014. The document highlighted progress around the protection, education and formulation of public policies aimed at the protection of children, adolescents and young people. However, they highlighted troubling statistics in which the State of Oaxaca, figure as the first place on issues such as poverty and social inequality; as well, being the last place in the field of education.
The annual report presents a population in Mexico's 40 million children and adolescents under 18 years of age. In this amount, more than 20 million live in poverty, and about 4.7 million do so under the extreme poverty line. Alarm the fact that this last segment of population is mainly located in indigenous communities.
Combining these data and according to the statistics presented, 1.5 million children suffer from chronic malnutrition. Again, most of these children are in indigenous communities. Also says that in Oaxaca, 1 in 3 children living in rural areas are likely to suffer from severe malnutrition.
Also, scandalized the data on the mortality rate of children under 5 years old; According to which, is still high in the States of Guerrero, Chiapas, Puebla and Oaxaca South of Mexico. Paradoxically, the national infant mortality rate decreased.
It is worth mentioning that, already in 2010, UNICEF and CIESAS (Centro de Investigaciones y Estudios Superiores en Antropología Social) had presented the document "the rights of children and adolescents"; in Oaxaca which relates infant mortality maternal loss during childbirth at an early age.
On the other hand, the report concludes that you due to the gathered statistics, UNICEF Mexico helped the States of Jalisco, Puebla, Yucatán and Oaxaca in the construction of 2015 budgets; giving them a perspective closer to the rights of the child, putting children and adolescents as central themes of public policies of local governments. In this sense, be urged again the condition of children and youth in Oaxaca.
Regarding the high rates of violence against children, registered in municipalities with greater social backwardness, it is mentioned that the implementation during 2014, local systems of protection of the rights of children in 11 municipalities in Chiapas. This 2015, aims to extend the system to Oaxaca.
Also, the report notes that during 2014 were implemented, in communities of Guerrero and Oaxaca, plans for natural disaster risk reduction. This action covered about 40 schools, counting in total about 1, 500 children benefited.
In conclusion only we think that in corrupt States where officials and their families waste millions in the most exclusive shops would suffice UNICEF actions?
The States of southern Mexico have historically presented a social, educational, economic and political backwardness. To date, no Government has been interested genuinamente in palpable development for them. Enough to see most of the federal investment, is on the border with the United States of America belt; in the triangle District Federal-Guadalajara - Monterrey and in the main tourist centres.
Labour policies also help to Mexican children. Such low salaries, as well as placed the national economy, encourage child labour.
The United States Mexicans, to allocate resources to improve the situation of children and adolescents, do enough work to alleviate this problem. Even when an organism
as UNICEF advice. And it is that what is really needed is increase wages and invest thoroughly in the whole of the national territory.
Mega-projects like a rail system high speed, or State companies engaged in high technology, implemented throughout the national territory, would drastically change the panorama of Mexican families and at the same time of Mexican children.
The most important thing about this report is that both the political and business domes, as also the Mexican society; they must understand that when half of the youth in Mexico lives under the yoke of poverty. half of the national future dies.
East of Mexico